Handbrake, the easy one step DVD ripping program for PC/Mac/Linux, is giving you crap about a “this DVD may be copyright protected”? And the VLC fix obviously didn’t work, because you have a windows PC, not a mac. Well you have the legal right to make your own backups for DVDs you own. People dance around this issue, but the simple fix is to download the DLL and put it in your C:\Program Files\Handbrake folder. And then it will work. Even on 64 bit systems. Boom. Done.
It’s more likely than you might think. I was digging around for some info on the Apollo era “snoopy cap” that they always reference, and are sort of an icon of 60′s spaceflight. Random clicking from there led to this. Definitely the first time I’ve ever heard of this. I’m really curious how prevalent this was. Probably pretty common. From NASA direct:
108:28:35 Aldrin: Lean forward. (Red Apple and pull-pin?) Locked. (Pause) Position mikes. (Long Pause) Sure wished I’d shaved last night. (Pause) Okay; we need the helmets. Got your mikes where you want them? (Long Pause)
[They each have a pair of mikes as part of the "Snoopy cap" or, more formally, the "Communications Carrier". "Snoopy" is Charlie Brown's beagle in the comic strip "Peanuts" drawn by Charles Schulz. Journal Contributor Ulli Lotzmann had discussions with Ernie Reyes in mid-2000 about Snoopy's association with Apollo. Reyes was Chief of the Pre-Flight Operations Branch at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston during Apollo; and Lotzmann reports that Reyes, Wayne Stallard and others drew little cartoons on the daily schedules to make them more interesting. The Reyes Snoopy, who looks a little bit different to the Schultz-Snoopy as can be seen from examples in the Apollo 12cuff checklists, became popular with the Astronaut Corps. Because the cartoons were never intended for commercial publication, Reyes never asked Schultz for permission to use the character. After the Apollo 1 fire, Snoopy became the symbol of the revitalized NASA safety program.]
[Getting back to the subject of the "Snoopy cap", in the Schulz comic strip, Snoopy often fantasized that he was a World War I flying ace and, while in that fantasy, wore a leather flying helmet. This and the fact that the Apollo Snoopy caps were dark-brown & white may explain why they were named "Snoopy" caps. Post-EVA photo A11-37-5528 is an excellent picture of a very pleased Neil Armstrong in full Snoopy regalia after the EVA. Journal Contributor Markus Mehring notes that the names "Snoopy" and "Charlie Brown" where also used for the Apollo 10 Command Module and Lunar Module, respectively. The Apollo 17 crew named a large crater in Snoopy's honor.]
[Note that, in the following, they get Buzz into his helmet first, as per checklist.]
So they actually included photographs of the EVA checklists. It’s a miracle that photographs of this stuff exist at all anymore, but hey, take a look. As you can imagine, things as redundant and boring as the checklist for putting on your space suit might need some humanization to keep it interesting. NASA being almost entirely male, it’s not surprising that they would find a way to put some boobs in their checklists (along with snoopy cartoons). Probably not NASA’s finest moment, but when you’re on track to put a man on the moon in less than a decade, you’ve got to give the organization some slack.
Note:This article has recently (10.22.12) become very popular with you Pintrest users. Welcome! However, this is a CLIFF bar, not a Granola bar! They’re supposed to be gooey and chewy. When you modify the recipe to include 95% granola, you’ve simply reinvented the granola bar. The big draw of a Cliff Bar is that it’s not a crumbly mess when you try and eat it (along with tasting something unlike a bland, crunchy breakfast cereal). The desired consistency should be closer to a Samoa-style Girl Scout cookie or a (very healthy) Snickers bar. Please keep this in mind before you overload it with crunchy granola or oats and make this in to something it’s not. Alton Brown has some great recipes for that sort of thing. Slightly chewy, and full-of-flavor-without-tasting-like-oats is what made Cliff bars popular and the brand that it is today. Moving right along…
Googling “Clif Bar Recipe” is a frustrating experience. You end up with pages upon pages of recipes for granola bars, which, if you talk to anyone who’s had a real Clif Bar, is the opposite of what you’re trying to make. Clif Bars have a taffy like, caramelized flavor. They usually sell for about $2 a piece, but can often be found on sale for $1 each. I suspect this is due to their relatively short shelf life, owing to their lack of preservatives.
If you’re new to Clif Bars, they’re famous for being an energy bar that doesn’t taste awful (they’re quite good, actually) and have identifiable ingredients. They’re also gluten free, if you’re in to that sort of thing. Rice and Oats don’t have gluten in them (being the primary carbohydrate ingredients in the bars).
Anyways, after years of searching on and off, I finally found a recipe that makes something that resembles a real Clif Bar, without the overabundance of oats held together with a minimum amount of binders. It even looks like an honest to god Clif Bar:
• 1 and 1/4 cups of Rice Krispies
• 1 cup of uncooked quick-cooking oats
• 3 tablespoons of ground flaxseed meal
• 1/4 cup of finely chopped dried cherries
• 1/4 cup of finely chopped roasted almonds
• 1/4 cup of brown rice syrup
• 2 tablespoons of dark brown sugar
• 1/3 cup of almond butter
• 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract
• 1/4 teaspoon of almond extract
In a large mixing bowl, combine the Rice Krispies, quick-cooking oats, flaxseed meal, dried tart cherries, and chopped almonds.
Combine the rice syrup and dark brown sugar in a saucepan and bring it to a boil over medium heat. You will want to stir the mixture the entire time, it will only take around a minute to boil. Remove the saucepan from the heat and stir in the almond butter, vanilla extract, and almond extract until your mixture is blended.
Pour the liquid mixture over the dry mixture, and stir until evenly coated. As the liquid cools, the mixture will become stiff. I used my hands to combine the mixture, like kneading bread.
Spray an 8-inch square pan with nonstick cooking spray and press the mixture into the pan. Use wax paper to help press the mixture flat and even across the pan.
Allow the pan to cool for about an hour and cut into 6 hearty-sized energy bars.
To store the bars, wrap them and store them in the refrigerator. For long term storage, you can freeze the bars. Challenged, or novice cooks may add up to an additional 1/4 cup of brown rice syrup to improve adhesion of dry ingredients.
I recently stumbled upon Bamboo Bicycles. I’ve spent a couple of days investigating this on and off now. There seem to be two major vendors at the moment, both related to the same man. Calfee Design appears to make Bamboo bicycles in the US, and then there is a separate factory in Ghana that makes bicycle frames. Also there is one guy in Australia making Bamboo Bikes, but he’s only producing about one frame a year.
Bamboo bikes, like traditional bikes, seem to come in a wide variety of styles and frame designs. There are only a few rules that all of the bikes seem to follow:
Use natural fibers instead of carbon for joint wrapping (hemp, twine, etc)
Grossly overbuild the joints
Use metal dropouts
Use a metal seatpost
Use a metal fork
The biggest long term problem seems to stem from using carbon fiber wrappings, which apparently don’t expand/contract at the same rate as the wood and cause cracks after a period of several years. This is easily remedied by using hemp fiber or a similar fibrous binding material to match the expansion rates of the Bamboo, with the added benefit that when done right (and with dark fibers) the end result joint can look like burled walnut.
The other immediate problem is that the joining where the seat tube meets the seatpost clamp, cracks can occur. This joint is expected to carry the full weight of the rider at an angle that causes leverage on the joint. It appears that this is the only place where sizing your bamboo properly seems to really matter – you need to be able to epoxy a small piece of metal seat tube inside the bamboo that fits snugly enough
How to build Bamboo Bikes: Actual construction seems simple enough. Devise a jig of the appropriate dimensions, cut bamboo to length + 1″ on either side. Toast the bamboo using a butane torch, once to dry the bamboo, and after cooling completely, a second time to toast it. Removing the bamboo skin may improve the asthetics considerably.
Once the Bamboo is ready, roughly cut the ends of bamboo in a concave, semi-circular fashion to fit flush with the other pieces. While still in the jig, roughen the joint areas and glue together the entire frame using expanding glue (Gorilla Glue). This will fill many of the gaps left during the fitting process and provide the initial strong bond. Let sit overnight.
Once the glue has cured, the bike should be strong enough to release from the jig and place upright. Mix a batch of slow-set epoxy and mask off the bamboo not involved in the joint to improve finish. At this point you can start tightly wrapping the joints, literally painting on the epoxy overtop of the fibers. For the best “burled” pattern, wrapping motions should be somewhat random, as if you were lashing together the bamboo without the aid of epoxy. Judging from pictures it looks like they are using a Size 20 (1/2″ to 3/4″ art brush) to apply epoxy resin directly to the bamboo and fibers. Don’t be afraid to go overboard here, you want to overbuild your joints to prevent stress fractures in the future.
For final finishing, fill in gaps by cutting pieces of hemp cord to size and paint them in. Cover the entire joint with an extra layer of epoxy and then wrap with black electrical tape (sticky side out) to level the surface. Remove the electrical tape when the epoxy becomes tacky to firm (not completely cured).
It’s still a bit of a Wild West in terms of VPS providers. There is Amazon’s EC2, Rackspace…. and then there is everybody else. Amazon seems to have a “micro” tier for $2.30/mo…. but you have to pay 3 years in advance for it ($83 or $28/yr). Rackspace, on the other hand will only do managed hosting, which means you’re paying almost 5x the price at $11/mo ($132/yr).
Now if you look at some of the…uh, independent VPS hosts, (most of them are probably resellers) prices typically range from around $5.00-$7.50 ($60-$90/yr). This is a volatile market and I won’t attempt to make any suggestions. Slicehost had a $5/mo deal going if you bought 5 years worth of service, but they were swallowed up whole by rackspace about six months ago, and Linode comes highly recommended by many people, but start around $20/mo ($240/yr). That is not “cheap” tier pricing.
There does seem to be a website that keeps (rough) track of the wild west, they are called lowendbox.com and are able to point out some of the cheaper VPS providers. Sadly most of these places look like fly-by-night operations in comparison to the reasonably priced Amazon EC2 micro tier.
In my case, I need to be able to run a python script 6 times an hour, 18 hours a day. That’s it. Unfortunately my GoDaddy hosting account doesn’t really handle the kind of python functionality I need, and has nerfed quite a bit of the PHP5 functionality as well. So here I am, looking at a proper VPS to run some web apps of mine as a service.
Dealing with my second power outage tonight, I thought I would highlight my favorite flashlight of all time, this little Brinkmann milled metal flashlight. It’s not tremendously bright, but it’s always worked for me, and most importantly, the batteries never ever run out, even after being left on by accident for days at a time. The mark of a good flashlight should be threefold:
1. Always turns on
2. Batteries never run out
3. More likely to break things than be broken by them
Most LED flashlights these days satisfy the first two, and while you can find some flashlights with solid metal cases, most are just big enough to grasp, but no more. I feel that like many things, their purpose has been nerfed for the purpose of making it fit in a woman’s handbag (see also: the completely useless “mini” umbrella). This one is large enough to gasp, with a decent sized crown that keeps your fingers from obscuring the lens, and also does a superb job of protecting it.
This thing has been with me through seven countries and countless miles and keeps on going. It’s a solid flashlight that I don’t have to worry about breaking. To cover point number 3, I generally try and separate this flashlight from my laptop or other valuables – it’s very likely it will scratch them.
Digging around in a friend’s python scripts and editing them for my own use got me thinking about games like Dwarf Fortress, NetHack and even old space trader games like Elite and Freelancer. Generally, Roguelikes are characterized as being text/console based games, with randomly generated dungeons, and often times randomly generated items (an item named “bubbly potion” might heal you in one game, but kill you in the next).
Perhaps the most interesting Roguelike to come along in recent years has been Dwarf Fortress, which has sort of been defining it’s own incredibly complex, detailed sandbox genre. By complex, I mean that some people complain about playing it at an acceptable rate on modern hardware, as they might complain about a more graphically intense game like Battlefield 3.
That said, the seeming simplicity of the game genre would seem to make it rather easy to code one up from scratch, and make your own customizations as you go along. Alternately, if you could find a NetHack-style Roguelike framework, you could take the “rendering engine”, apply your own back end, and create a different genre of game, like a Space Trader perhaps. I was happy to find the Libtcod library.
Libtcod gives you a huge amount of Roguelike features right out of the box, and in about 500 lines of code, you can be up and about scooting your little @ symbol around the screen, fighting monsters and exploring randomly generated dungeons. There’s a great tutorial that will walk you through getting the @ symbol on the screen, to building a randomized dungeon, to fighting monsters in it. You can find the tutorial here. It includes standard features, and in addition things like 24 bit color, alpha transparency and support for bitmaps. It’s a fancy piece of kit. If you want an idea of what it can do, take a look at and download Pyromancer, a visually stunning game built on top of Libtcod.
What blew me away was that in addition to what he’s done with Libtcod (well, he wrote it, afterall!) – is that someone took this graphically intensive ASCII interface – and then built a windowing system – Umbra – on top of it. Let me take you through this again – console, text only game, color 24 bit text only game, application platform.
Umbra looks and feels like this (skip ahead to the 0:55 mark):
Anyways, I am relearning Python, digging through the tutorial bit by bit. It’s written simply enough that you have a functional game by the end of the tutorial, and is modular enough that you can go about modifying bits without too much fear of permanently breaking other things. There is a C++ version, but I am spending a lot of time digging in to Python code these days, and Python feels faster to modify and test than C.
just shy of half way down there’s a paragraph about a guy called “Container Bob”
it is possibly one of the most intriguing paragraphs ever written
The Paragraph, from Wired Magazine, reads:
It was hardly the first fishy shipment to pass through Gioia Tauro. Famously, just six weeks after 9/11, workers there heard noises coming from inside a container being transshipped to Nova Scotia via Rotterdam. Inside, police found an Egyptian-born Canadian carrying a Canadian passport, a satellite phone, a cell phone, a laptop, cameras, maps, and security passes to airports in Canada, Thailand, and Egypt. The container’s interior was outfitted with a bed, a water supply, a heater, and a toilet. Nicknamed Container Bob, the man posted bail in Italian court and was never seen again.
Gioia Tauro, is if you’re curious, is one of the busiest ports in the world, somewhere halfway between the Suez Canal and the Strait of Gibraltar, at the toe of Italy’s famous “boot”.
I chat regularly with some British guys. One is from England proper, the other actually has roots in Rhodesia but whose family originated in England. I had commented on the fact that England was pretty wealthy right up until the end of World War 2. Both of them responded almost immediately that WWII had bankrupted England. I took this at face value, and assumed they were exaggerating.
After some long reading, it turns out that whole “lend-lease” program we learned about in high school (and then promptly forgot) was due to the fact that we had already sold Europe all of the weapons they could possibly afford, at which point we extended them an apparent infinite line of credit for further weapons, the debt which we immediately forgave at the end of the war. WWI had depleted a full quarter of England’s wealth, and England was for all intents and purposes bankrupt by the end of WWII. England still had to pay the bills and support their economy transitioning away from a wartime economy, which ended up with the US making what today would have been a half a trillion dollar loan to England. That’s roughly equivalent to 2008′s TARP funds.
So yes, war effectively bankrupted England. This brings an interesting question – with modern, mechanized war, is there still a way to affordably go to war? If you look at the great millitary powers of our history – Alexander the Great, the Mongolians, the Romans, Napoleon – they came out on top, made their country incredibly wealthy and were unarguably the peak of their respective civilzations. Even comparably minor skirmishes in mainland Europe didn’t threaten to fully bankrupt nations the way WWII did for Britan.
I’m sitting here wondering, as we spend $20 billion USD a month in Afghanistan, if mechanized armies are only useful as deterrents against invasion. Mobilizing tanks and occupying countries these days is ludicrously expensive. North Korea has a half-starving army 1-million strong, and have not invaded anyone in nearly 50 years but at the same time, nobody’s tried to invade them either. There’s no way North Korea could leverage their creaking fleet of tanks to invade South Korea without causing their country to implode due to the support costs.
And here we are, finally(?) pulling out of Iraq on threat of losing our legal immunity in their country, I wonder – staring down Iraq over an attempted assassination – can we really afford another 10 year mechanized war?